What is Colorectal Cancer?

Colorectal cancer, also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer, is any cancer that affects the colon and rectum. Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer in India and the treatment depends on how advanced cancer has become but often includes some type of surgery to remove the tumor.


What are the signs and symptoms of Colorectal Cancer?

Colorectal cancer may not cause symptoms in the early stages. If it does:

  • changes in bowel habits
  • diarrhea or constipation
  • a feeling that the bowel does not empty properly
  • blood in feces that makes it look dark brown or black
  • bright red blood from the rectum
  • abdominal pain and bloating
  • feeling full, even when a long time has passed since a meal
  • fatigue or tiredness
  • unexplained weight loss
  • anemia

What is the risk factor of Colorectal Cancer?

The following factors may raise a person’s risk of developing colorectal cancer:

  • Age: The risk of colorectal cancer increases as people get older.
  • Race: Black people have the highest rates of colorectal cancer
  • Gender: Men have a slightly higher risk of developing colorectal cancer than women.
  • Family history of colorectal cancer: Colorectal cancer may run in the family if first-degree relatives (parents, brothers, sisters, children) or any other family members have had colorectal cancer.
  • Rare inherited conditions: Members of families with certain uncommon inherited conditions have a higher risk of colorectal cancer,
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD): People with IBD. This increases the risk of colorectal cancer.
  • Personal history of certain types of cancer: People with a personal history of colorectal cancer previously are more likely to develop colorectal cancer.
  • Physical inactivity and obesity: People who lead an inactive lifestyle, meaning no regular exercise and a lot of sitting, and people who are overweight or obese may have an increased risk of colorectal cancer.
  • Food/diet. Current research consistently links eating more red meat and processed meat to a higher risk of the disease.
  • Smoking: Recent studies have shown that smokers are more likely to die from colorectal cancer than nonsmokers.

How to Diagnose Colorectal Cancer?

In addition to a physical examination, the following tests may be used to diagnose colorectal cancer.

  • Colonoscopy: A colonoscopy allows the doctor to look inside the entire rectum and colon while a patient is sedated.
  • Biopsy: A biopsy is the removal of a small amount of tissue for examination under a microscope.
  • Blood tests: Because colorectal cancer often bleeds into the large intestine or rectum, people with the disease may become anemic.
  • Computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan: A CT scan takes pictures of the inside of the body using x-rays taken from different angles.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): An MRI uses magnetic fields, not x-rays, to produce detailed images of the body.
  • Ultrasound: An ultrasound uses sound waves to create a picture of the internal organs to find out if cancer has spread.
  • Chest x-ray: An x-ray is a way to create a picture of the structures inside of the body, using a small amount of radiation. An x-ray of the chest can help doctors find out if cancer has spread to the lungs.
  • Positron emission tomography (PET) or PET-CT scan: A PET scan is usually combined with a CT scan (see above), called a PET-CT scan.

What is the treatment option for colorectal cancer?

Treatment of colorectal cancer depends on a variety of factors. It includes:

  • Surgery: In the earliest stages of colorectal cancer, it might be possible for your surgeon to remove cancerous polyps through surgery.
  • Chemotherapy: It involves the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. For people with colorectal cancer, chemotherapy commonly takes place after surgery, when it’s used to destroy any lingering cancerous cells.
  • Radiation: Radiation uses a powerful beam of energy, similar to that used in X-rays, to target and destroy cancerous cells before and after surgery.
  • Targeted therapies and immunotherapies

What is the cost of colorectal cancer Treatment in Pune?

The average cost of colorectal cancer treatment in Pune is approximately Rs. 3 to 5 Lac. Also, the cost may vary depending

  • Type of treatment recommended by Stomach Cancer Surgeon
  • Duration of hospitalization
  • Room category
  • Additional medical tests, if required
  • Expense for medications
  • Government Scheme (If Applicable)

Book an Appointment:

Dr. Manoj Dongare at Dr. D. Y. Patil Hospital and Research Center provides the best treatment for various gastrointestinal diseases in Pimpri Chinchwad Pune. For more information about our comprehensive treatment options, or to request an appointment with the best Surgical Oncologist in Pune call 09881379573 or Click on Book Appointment for online booking with your near hospital.