That's interesting. Don't watch what happens next what is the difference between bone china and porcelain.

Bone china and porcelain are two popular types of ceramics that have been used for centuries to create beautiful and durable tableware. In this article, we will delve into the manufacturing processes of bone china and porcelain, exploring the steps involved and highlighting the differences between the two.

The Manufacturing Process of Bone China

Bone china is known for its translucent and delicate appearance. The manufacturing process involves several intricate steps:

  • Step 1: Mixing the ingredients - The process begins with mixing bone ash, china clay, and other raw materials in specific proportions. Bone ash, derived from animal bones, gives bone china its unique properties.
  • Step 2: Wet making - The mixture is then wetted to form a slurry, which is used to create the shape of the desired product. This can be done by slip casting, where the slurry is poured into molds and left to dry.
  • Step 3: Firing - The shaped bone china products are subjected to high temperatures in a kiln to remove any remaining moisture and strengthen the material. This firing process is typically done at around 1250°C.
  • Step 4: Glazing - After the initial firing, the bone china products are dipped in a glaze. The glaze enhances the appearance and adds a glossy finish to the ceramics.
  • Step 5: Final firing - The products are fired for the second time at a lower temperature to fuse the glaze onto the bone china surface.

The Manufacturing Process of Porcelain

Porcelain is known for its strength, durability, and non-porous nature. The manufacturing process differs from bone china in several ways:

  • Step 1: Mixing the ingredients - The ingredients used in porcelain manufacturing are similar to bone china, with the exclusion of bone ash. Porcelain is primarily made from kaolin clay, feldspar, and quartz.
  • Step 2: Shaping - The mixture is shaped into the desired form using various techniques such as throwing or molding.
  • Step 3: Firing - The shaped porcelain products are fired at high temperatures, typically ranging from 1200°C to 1400°C. This firing process vitrifies the clay, transforming it into a hard and glass-like material.
  • Step 4: Glazing - Similar to bone china, porcelain is also glazed to enhance its aesthetic appeal and provide additional protection.
  • Step 5: Final firing - The glazed porcelain products undergo a final firing at a lower temperature to fuse the glaze to the surface and complete the manufacturing process.


In summary, bone china and porcelain differ in their composition and manufacturing processes. Bone china contains bone ash and has a more delicate and translucent appearance, while porcelain is made solely from clay and is known for its strength and durability. Understanding the manufacturing processes behind bone china and porcelain helps us appreciate their unique qualities and value.


Further Reading